Health and Safety Legislation.

From hazards and injuries to systems and good practice. Get the information you need to know about UK health and safety legislation.

What do the UK ‘Health and Safety Legislation’ Require You to Do?

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The UK government in conjunction with the Health and Safety Executive has tabled legislation to keep you, your employer, and the entirety of your business safe. Naturally, depending on different types of work, different health and safety legislation (and even some additional ones) may apply.

It is therefore the employer’s duty as far as is reasonably practicable to ensure the health, safety and wellbeing of all employees at work. It also requires employers to ensure the health and safety of any non-employees who maybe affected by their works. However, it is not just employers’ responsibility, employees also have a duty to take responsibility for their own health and safety.

As with most government produced information, the language, terminologies and jargon can sometimes be hard to understand. Digesting what is required can be difficult.
This is where this article comes in, condensing all of the facts you need to know about the most common health and safety legislation and wording it in a way that is a lot easier to understand.

Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations of 1999

This Health and Safety Legislation sets out the overall obligations which businesses have towards representatives and individuals from general society, as well as how representatives need to interact with each other. This needs to be in a way that is healthy and safe.

These obligations are qualified in this regulation as the rule of “such a long way as is sensibly practicable.” As such, a business doesn’t need to go to lengths to stay away from or then again lessen the danger. They just need to make sure common practices aren’t dangerous.

Although, it is noteworthy to mention that they may in fact have rules that are incomprehensible or on the other hand inconvenient. In terms of the lack of details regarding cost and support should health and safety rules be traversed, details need to be provided.

What the law needs here is what great administration and sound judgment would lead businesses to do in any case: that is, to check out what the dangers are and take reasonable measures to handle them.

The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 by and large expresses what bosses need to do in order to oversee well-being and security under the Health and Safety at Work Act. Like the Act, they apply to each work action.

The principle prerequisite on businesses is to do a danger evaluation. Managers with at least five workers need to record the critical discoveries of this danger appraisal and have it made public to all employees.

Hazard appraisals ought to be direct and should pertain to a specific working environment, for example, an average office. It needs to provide examples of issues as well as how these dangers will be handled. This includes mishaps in thermal energy plants, substance plants, labs, or an oil rig.

The HSE flyer’s “five stages to hazard appraisal” will give you more data. Other than completing a danger evaluation, managers likewise need to

  • make courses of action for carrying out the well-being and security measures recognized as fundamental by the danger evaluation;
  • select equipped individuals (regularly themselves or organization partners) to help them carry out the protocols;
  • set up crisis methods;
  • give clear data and prepare workers for the possibility of danger ensuing;
  • cooperate with different managers that have a similar working environment in order to ensure there are no protocol loopholes or missed potholes.
L21 - Management Of Health And Safety At Work
L24 - Workplace Health, Safety And Welfare

Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations of 1992

The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992 cover a wide scope of fundamental well-being, security, and government assistance issues and apply to most working environments (except for those including development work on building locales, those in or on a boat, or those subterranean at a mine).

Employers have an obligation under the Health and Safety at Work and so on Act 1974 to guarantee, such a long way as actually practicable, the well-being, security, and government assistance of their representatives at work.

Individuals in charge of non-homegrown premises have an obligation towards individuals who are not their workers but rather those that utilize their premises. The guidelines develop these obligations.

They are expected to secure the well-being and security of everybody in the working environment and guarantee that sufficient government assistance offices are given to individuals at work.

Several of the guidelines expect things to be ‘appropriate.’ One of the guidelines, specifically Guideline two subsection three, establishes simple and obvious mandates that are appropriate for anybody. This further includes individuals with disabilities.

Where vital, portions of the work environment, especially entryways, paths, steps, showers, washbasins, latrines, and workstations, ought to be made open and accessible for impaired individuals.

People other than managers likewise have obligations under these regulations if they have control, to any degree, of a work environment.

For instance, proprietors, property managers, or overseeing specialists of business premises ought to guarantee that normal parts, normal offices, normal administrations, and methods for access are inside their control.

These obligations are however restricted to issues which are inside their control. For instance, a proprietor who is liable for the overall state of a hall, flight of stairs, or latrines needs to provide upkeep regarding ventilation and the parts that go with it.

Be that as it may, the proprietor isn’t dependable under these regulations for issues outside their control, for instance a spillage brought about by an inhabitant or weaknesses in the day-to-day cleaning of sterile offices. This is the occupant’s liability.

Inhabitants should co-work adequately with one another, and with the landowner, to guarantee that the prerequisites of the regulations are completely met.

As a component of overseeing well-being and security you should control the dangers in your working environment. You need to further have a record that shows how you have been revisiting manners of mitigating danger and ensuring no security breaches occur.

The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1994 require managers and independently employed individuals to survey any hazards. One needs to ensure you are familiar with the chances of the work environment becoming a dangerous one.

For the most part, you want to do everything that you can to shield individuals utilizing your working environment from damage and to be constantly on the lookout for possible ways to mitigate these damages, ensuring they do not happen.

A danger appraisal might show that the working environment or the work ought to be revamped so the requirement for individuals to work at an unguarded edge, for instance, doesn’t emerge in any case.

Few working environments have these records in place, so it’s a good idea to audit what you are doing on a continuous basis.

Workplaces where representatives are engaged with making choices about well-being and need to be well versed in protocol should provide support for them to ensure they are creating protocols that benefit the majority.

A joint effort with your representatives helps you to oversee well-being and security in a viable manner by

  • assisting you with spotting working environment changes;
  • ensuring well-being and security controls are functional;
  • expanding the degree of obligation to working in a protected and solid manner.

Employers should counsel workers sooner or later on well-being and security matters. In working environments where a worker’s organization is perceived, this will be through association well-being and also well-being agents.

In non-unionized working environments, counsel either straightforwardly or through other chosen agents.

The Health and Safety (Display Screen Equipment) Regulations of 1992

This Health and Safety Legislation gives definite and complete direction about work with show screen hardware (regularly known as VDUs). It depicts how to follow the Wellbeing and Safety (Display Screen Equipment) Regulations (alluded to here as the DSE Regulations).

It covers both office work and different conditions where show screen hardware (DSE) might be utilized. It is planned for individuals who need to think about every one of the itemized ramifications of the law.

For the people who simply need fundamental pragmatic exhortation on the best way to agree with the Regulations when involving conventional DSE in workplaces, you can make use of the book The Law on VDUs: A Simple Guide.

This article sets out data, clarification, or counsel on every fundamental piece of the DSE Regulations. All through the archive, concentrates of the DSE Regulations are imprinted in italics and the direction on them is in plain kind. Where the DSE Guidelines are clear as crystal no remark is advertised.

The fundamental dangers that might emerge in work with DSE are outer muscle issues, for example, back torment, or upper appendage issues (once in a while known as tedious strain injury or RSI), visual exhaustion, and mental pressure.

While the dangers to individual clients are frequently low, they can in any case be huge, assuming that great practice is not followed. DSE labourers have had the opportunity to come into contact with a wide variety of different chronic illnesses.

This is why they know that handling these cases is critical, necessary, and important. That is what the DSE Regulations set out to accomplish. It ensures nobody is excluded based on any chronic illnesses they may have.

Index 2 gives additional data on the well-being hazards in DSE work and discloses how endeavours to lessen these dangers will connect into the Health and Safety Commission’s system for word related well being.

This article further gives direction on the Health and Safety (Display Screen Equipment) Guidelines 1992, as revised by the Health and Safety (Miscellaneous Revisions) Regulations 2002.

The DSE Regulations came into power in 1993 to execute a European Directive, No. 90/270/EEC of May 29, 1990, on least security and well-being necessities for work with DSE.

This book, amended in 2003, assesses the new changes to the DSE Guidelines referenced in passage 4. Just guidelines 3, 5, and 6 have been revised and the new forms are duplicated here.

The directive has been updated in different spots to carry it in the know regarding changes in innovation and enhancements in information on dangers and how to stay away from them.

Be that as it may, the principle messages about activities businesses and labourers should take to forestall hazards have adjusted very little.

Businesses ought to guarantee that they additionally consent to general obligations put on them by other well-being and security regulation, like the Health and Safety at Work and so forth Act 1974 (the HSW Act), the Management of Health and Safety at Work Guidelines 1999, the Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992, and furthermore the Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998.

Some of the examples that may be found include the completion of reasonable and adequate investigations of workstations and hazard evaluation needed by guideline 2 of the DSE Regulations (see section 37).

This ensures that the prerequisite in the Management of Health and Safety at Work Guidelines for hazard evaluation takes everything into account and is adequately fulfilled.

L26 - Work With Display Screen Equipment
L23 - Manual Handling

The Manual Handling Operations Regulations of 1992 (Amended in 2002)

The business’ obligation is to stay away from Manual Handling similarly as actually practicable assuming there is plausible injury. In the event that this is impossible, then they should diminish the danger of injury to the extent actually practicable.

Assuming that a representative is griping of uneasiness, any progressions to attempt to keep away from or lessen manual taking care of should be observed to check they are having a beneficial outcome.

In any case, on the off chance that they are not working sufficiently, choices should be thought of.

The guidelines set out a pecking order of measures to lessen the dangers of manual dealing. These are in guideline 4(1) and are as per the following:

  • firstly, stay away from perilous manual taking care of activities such a long way as is in all actuality practicable;
  • secondly, evaluate any perilous manual taking care of activities that can’t be avoided;
  • thirdly, diminish the danger of injury such a long way as is actually practicable.

The direction on the Manual Handling Regulations incorporates a danger appraisal channel and agenda to assist bosses with evaluating manual taking care of undertakings.

A reexamined form of the MHOR was distributed in March 2004. It likewise incorporates an agenda to assist you with evaluating the risk(s) presented by working environment pushing and pulling exercises.

Representatives have obligations to take sensible consideration of their own well-being and security and that of other people who might be impacted by  their activities.

They should speak with their bosses so they also can meet their well-being and security obligations. Workers have general well-being and security obligations to follow. However, they may be different based on the type of work each employee is performing.

For some, ensuring well-being may just include having a one hour lunch break instead of constantly staring at a computer screen. For others, it may include having psychological support. One needs to remember that each role within the workplace may have different well-being requirements.

The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order of 2005

The government is focused on managing just where needed and in a manner that is more fit to the necessities of current business. To that end the request was made, under the Regulatory Reform Act.

It replaces most fire security regulations with one straightforward request. It implies that any individual who has some degree of control in premises should find sensible ways to diminish the danger from fire and ensure individuals can securely get away assuming there is a fire.

The request applies to for all intents and purposes all premises and covers almost each sort of building, construction, and open space. For instance, it applies to

  • workplaces and shops;
  • premises that give care, including care homes or emergency clinics;
  • local area lobbies, spots of love, and other local area premises;
  • the common areas of properties a few families live in (lodging laws may likewise apply);
  • bars, clubs, and cafés;
  • schools and sports focuses;
  • tents and marquees;
  • inns and lodgings;
  • processing plants and stockrooms.

It doesn’t apply to

  • individuals’ private homes, including individual pads in a square or house.

One needs to ensure that you are able to tackle all obstacles that could possibly occur. This is why you should

  • complete a fire-hazard evaluation distinguishing any potential risks or chances;
  • consider who might be particularly in danger;
  • dispose of or diminish the hazard from fire as is sensibly conceivable and give general fire safeguards to manage any conceivable danger left;
  • go to different lengths to ensure there is insurance if combustible or hazardous materials are utilized or put away;
  • make an arrangement to manage any crisis and, in most cases, track your discoveries;
  • audit your discoveries when vital.

Under the request, any individual who has control of premises or anybody who has a level of command over specific regions or frameworks may be a “dependable individual.” For instance, it very well may be

  • the business for those pieces of premises staff might go to;
  • the overseeing specialist or proprietor for shared pieces of premises or shared fire well-being gear, for example, fire-notice frameworks or sprinklers;
  • the occupier, like independently employed individuals or deliberate associations in the event that they have any control; or
  • whatever other individual who has some command over a section of the premises.

Albeit in many premises the capable individual will be self-evident, there might be occasions when various individuals have some obligation.

The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order Of 2005
Reporting Of Injuries, Diseases And Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (Riddor) Of 1995

Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR) of 2013)

The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (2013) puts an obligation on businesses, the independently employed, and the Mindful Person (those in charge of work premises) to report genuine work environment mishaps, word-related illnesses, and indicated risky events (or “close to misses”).

To acquire a thought of how consistent your business is as of now, complete our short self-evaluation agenda on Accidents Item F. Episodes that are reportable include

  • passing
  • significant injury
  • hazardous occurrence
  • individual from the general population taken from your premises to medical clinic
  • a business related injury that endures north of 7 days
  • a business-related illness

A physical issue or sickness that keeps going north of 7 days or a business-related infection ought to be accounted for inside 10 days. This should be done by means of the web at

The internet based structures are

  • F2508 Report of a physical issue
  • F2508 Report of a Dangerous Occurrence
  • F2508A Report of a Case of Disease
  • OIR9B Report of an Injury Offshore
  • OIR9B Report of a Dangerous Occurrence Offshore
  • F2508G1 Report of a Flammable Gas Incident
  • F2508G2 Report of a Dangerous Gas Fitting

The modified internet revealing structures will be intelligent, natural, and simple for individuals to utilize. Individuals will have access to designated workforce personnel that are available via the internet should any clarification be required.

A full rundown of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences that ought to be accounted for is accessible on the HSE site: What Must I Report?

The shot at a working environment mishap happening ought to be significantly decreased assuming you have every one of the important safe working methods and controls set up. Finishing a danger appraisal will assist you with doing this.

The Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations of 1992

The Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations 1992 looks to guarantee that where dangers can’t be constrained by different means, Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) should be accurately distinguished and placed into utilization.

Under the prerequisites of The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974, representatives won’t be accused of or add to the arrangement and upkeep of PPE. Assuming there is a requirement for PPE things, they should be provided for no cost by the business.

The guidelines don’t have any significant bearing where necessities are definite in different guidelines, for example, respirators in The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002 (COSHH). Numerous different guidelines have explicit necessities for the arrangement, support, and utilisation of PPE.

For example, the guidelines managing asbestos, commotion, or ionizing radiation. This guarantees that particular risks and their controls are managed by explicit guidelines. The Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations 1992 put obligations on representatives to find sensible ways to guarantee that the PPE was appropriately utilized.

The Regulations additionally put the accompanying obligations on representatives. PPE should be worn and utilized as per the directions given to them.

For some different forms of PPE, they can be returned after use within the working environment. For example, many use their construction hats, have them cleaned after the day’s work, and then pick up another one the next day which isn’t necessarily theirs.

Other forms of PPE, such as footwear, will become the employee’s, and it will then become the employee’s responsibility to clean and uphold their PPE. However, proper reporting of the PPE being in good quality will be mandatory.

Representatives should take sensible consideration of any PPE given to them and not complete any upkeep except if prepared and approved.

PPE should forever be your final retreat to oversee work environment hazards. This is a legitimate prerequisite. While evaluating work hazards you want to consider different control measures prior to moving to request that representatives wear PPE.

When concluding what insurance you will present in the working environment you can deal with the “order of controls.” It means to limit or forestall the working environment.

The controls in the progressive system are arranged by diminishing adequacy. You ought to consistently follow this request:

  • Disposal: Physically eliminate the risk, for instance utilize a mechanical guide rather than manual taking care of.
  • Replacement: Replace the peril with something less perilous, for instance by utilizing a less risky synthetic.
  • Designing Controls: Isolate the workers from the danger, for example, commotion zones or boundaries.
  • Managerial Controls: Change or train the manner in which individuals work, for instance by diminishing the openness to vibration by turning representatives.
  • PPE: Protect the specialist with individual defensive gear.

These are a portion of the justifications for why PPE should be considered if all else fails. PPE just secures the individual wearing it, while gauges controlling the danger at the source ensures everybody’s safety in the work environment.

It is difficult to evaluate the degree of assurance given by PPE in light of the fact that it relies upon how it fits the individual and assuming it is kept up with and utilised accurately.

PPE might confine the client somewhat by restricting versatility or perceivability, or by requiring extra weight to be conveyed (subsequently making extra perils).

The requirement for PPE should be distinguished through Risk Assessment; it ought not be a one size fits all approach. The defensive gear should be private to the singular client and be reasonable and fit for reason. All private defensive gear should be ‘C E’ Marked (outside site). The C E mark implies that the PPE fulfills specific essential/least security necessities.

L25 - Personal Protective Equipment At Work Regulations 1992
L5 - Control Of Substances Hazardous To Health

Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) of 2002

The word related utilization of nanomaterials is heavily influenced by Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH). COSHH is the law that expects businesses to control substances that are perilous to well-being and incorporates nanomaterials. You can forestall or decrease laborers’ openness to perilous substances by

  • discovering what the well-being perils are;
  • choosing how to forestall damage to well-being (hazard appraisal);
  • giving control measures to lessen damage to well-being;
  • ensuring they are utilized;
  • keeping all control means ready to go;
  • giving data and guidance and preparing for workers and others;
  • giving checking and well-being reconnaissance in proper cases;
  • anticipating crises.

Most organizations use substances or items that are combinations of substances. A few cycles make substances. These could make hurt workers, workers for hire, and others.

Some of the time substances are handily perceived as unsafe. As another innovation, the dangers of openness related with nanomaterials are not right now completely comprehended.

While information holes exist, HSE prescribes a preparatory way to deal with hazards to the executives with control systems expecting to decrease openness however much as could reasonably be expected.

The Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations (PUWER) of 1998

This Health and Safety Legislation, regularly shortened to PUWER, puts obligations on individuals and organizations who own, work or have command over work gear. PUWER likewise puts liabilities on organizations and associations whose representatives use work gear, whether or not claimed by them.

PUWER necessitates that gear given for use at work must be appropriate for the planned use. This means that its quality cannot be compromised. Thus, it requires correct storage and proper upkeep.

These will ordinarily incorporate protection, crisis stop gadgets, sufficient methods for confinement from wellsprings of energy, obviously noticeable markings, and cautioning gadgets utilized as per explicit necessities, for portable work hardware and power presses.

Some work gear is dependent upon other well-being and security regulation notwithstanding PUWER. For instance, lifting gear should likewise meet the necessities of LOLER, pressure hardware should meet the Pressure Systems Safety Regulations, and individual defensive hardware should meet the PPE Regulations.

Work hardware is any hardware, machine, contraption, device, or establishment for use at work (whether or not solely). This incorporates gear that representatives accommodate their own utilization at work.

The extent of work gear is along these lines incredibly wide. The utilization of work gear is likewise generally deciphered and can be referred to as any hardware that incorporates the beginning, halting, programming, setting, moving, fixing, adjusting, keeping up with, overhauling, and cleaning of any work-related material.

Assuming your business or association utilizes work hardware or is engaged with giving work gear to others to utilize (e.g. for recruit), you should deal with the dangers from that hardware. This implies you should

  • guarantee the gear is developed or adjusted to be reasonable for the reason it is utilized or accommodated;
  • assess the functioning conditions and well-being and dangers in the working environment when choosing work hardware;
  • guarantee work hardware is utilized for reasonable purposes;
  • guarantee work gear is kept up with in a proficient state, in effective working request, and in decent shape where a machine has an upkeep log (stay up with the latest developments);
  • where the well-being of work gear relies upon the way of establishment, it should be assessed after establishment and prior to being placed into utilization;
  • where work hardware is presented to decaying conditions obligated to bring about hazardous circumstances, it should be investigated to guarantee flaws are distinguished eventually so the danger to well-being and security is made due;
  • guarantee that all individuals utilizing, directing, or dealing with the utilization of work hardware are given sufficient, clear well-being and security data. This will incorporate, where vital, composed directions on its utilization and reasonable gear markings and alerts;
  • guarantee that the dangers from extremely hot or cold temperatures from the work hardware or the material being handled or utilized are monitored so as to forestall injury.
L22 - Safe Use Of Work Equipment Safe Use Of Work Equipment
The Working Time Regulations Of 1998

The Working Time Regulations of 1998

The Working Time Regulations make an essential arrangement of privileges for the time individuals work, especially 28 days paid occasions, a right to 20 moment paid breaks for every 6 hours worked, an option to week after week rest of somewhere around one full 24-hour duration, and the option to restrict the functioning week to 48 hours.

These are intended to be least norms, which anyone’s singular agreement or aggregate arrangement through a worker’s guild might develop. The Regulations apply to all labourers (not simply representatives) and specify least rest breaks, everyday rest, week after week rest, and the greatest normal working week.

Guidelines 13 and 13A make an option to paid yearly leave of 28 days, communicated as “four weeks” and an extra “1.6 weeks” (counting bank occasions and public holidays). In the Working Time Directive, article 7 alludes to paid yearly leave of “no less than about a month,” yet doesn’t straightforwardly characterize “seven days,” and nor do the guidelines. Article 5 expresses that the “week by week rest period” signifies a “seven-day time span.”

At the point when the Directive was carried out in the UK, guideline 13 initially expressed “a month” yet numerous businesses just gave their labourers four five-day times of leave (for example 20 days).

Accordingly, the UK government altered the guidelines in 2007 to add the further 1.6 week period, aligning the base with the European Union prerequisite for four entire weeks (for example 28 days).

However, this disarray prompted the contention that the UK had gone past the base principles needed by the Working Time Directive 2003, despite the fact that no country in the EU has an option to less occasions than 28 days.

Guideline 10 makes the right to a base time of rest of 20 minutes in any shift enduring north of 6 hours. Under 18’s are qualified for a brief break for each 4.5 hours worked. Guidelines 4-5 set a default to decide that labourers might work something like 48 hours out of each week (albeit one might quit it).

Health and Safety Legislation Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Who enforces Health and Safety Legislation and law?

Health and Safety Legislation is enforced by the Health and Safety Executive or by offices from the local authority.

What do I do if I cannot understand the legal jargon in the official health and safety legislation documents?

Although we have tried to ensure that the legal jargon has been removed in these summaries, it won’t be easy to come across official documents that don’t use legal jargon. Sometimes it’s easier to explain verbally. Therefore if you need any help with getting to grips with the various health and safety regulations, give us a call today and speak to one of our health and safety consultants.

If I want the official Health and Safety Legislation documents, where can I obtain them?

The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) has all of the official Health and Safety Legislation documents that pertain to the above-mentioned regulations. Simply type in the Health and Safety Legislation you want to search within the website’s search bar and it will pop right up. Alternatively have a look at our Health and Safety Documents Download page where you can download copies of the key Health and Safety Legislation documents.

How do I know whether the Health and Safety Legislation mentioned above pertain to me?

There are segments in each of the above Health and Safety Legislation which define whether the regulation can be used for your benefit or not. However, depending on the environment you want to apply the Health and Safety Legislation in, there may be exclusion criteria.

If I want to make a complaint, regarding a violation of a subsection of Health and Safety Legislation, how do I go about doing so?

Usually, each business practice will have their own protocols and structures that deal directly with law-based requests and violations of Health and Safety Regulations. All you need to do is seek out these structures and chat directly with them.

Many people may be rather worried regarding the confidentiality of their complaints. Usually, these structures exist to take the worries from the employees to management so that intrinsic change can occur for the employee’s benefit.

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